List of States And Capitals of India, Check 28 States and 8 Union Territories of India

List of States And Capitals of India, Check 28 States and 8 Union Territories of India
Home ยป Insights ยป List of States And Capitals of India, Check 28 States and 8 Union Territories of India

India is a diverse culture and populous country in the world with 28 states and 8 union territories. These states were formed under the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. If you’re looking for a list of Indian states and their capitals, you’re in the right place. Check out the following list to see all the states and their corresponding capitals. 

List of States in India

As already mentioned there are 28 states in India and 8 Union Territories.

India is a land of diverse cultures and people, as evidenced by its 28 states and 8 union territories, each with its own unique identity. To ensure smooth administration, each state has its own capital for the conduct of administrative, legislative, and judicial functions. Also Read | Top 10 SEO Courses In Ahmedabad

In some states, all three functions take place in a single capital. The Chief Minister is the head of each state, overseeing the smooth running of its affairs. This amalgamation of diverse cultures and identities is what makes India truly special. With that in mind, let’s take a closer look at the different states and union territories that make up this great nation.

StateCapitalFounded On
Andhra PradeshAmaravati1 Nov 1956
Arunachal PradeshItanagar20 Feb 1987
AssamDispur26 Jan 1950
BiharPatna26 Jan 1950
ChhattisgarhRaipur1 Nov 2000
GoaPanaji30 May 1987
GujaratGandhinagar1 May 1960
HaryanaChandigarh1 Nov 1966
Himachal PradeshShimla25 Jan 1971
JharkhandRanchi15 Nov 2000
KarnatakaBengaluru1 Nov 1956
KeralaThiruvananthapuram1 Nov 1956
Madhya PradeshBhopal1 Nov 1956
MaharashtraMumbai1 May 1960
ManipurImphal21 Jan 1972
MeghalayaShillong21 Jan 1972
MizoramAizawl20 Feb 1987
NagalandKohima1 Dec 1963
OdishaBhubaneswar26 Jan 1950
PunjabChandigarh1 Nov 1956
RajasthanJaipur1 Nov 1956
SikkimGangtok16 May 1975
Tamil NaduChennai26 Jan 1950
TelanganaHyderabad2 June 2014
TripuraAgartala21 Jan 1972
Uttar PradeshLucknow26 Jan 1950
UttarakhandDehradun (Winter)Gairsain (Summer)9 Nov 2000
West BengalKolkata1 Nov 1956

List of Indian States and Their Formation

India has a rich history that predates its independence, and this is reflected in the existence of some states that were already part of the nation before it gained independence. These states were later divided into four parts, and with India’s independence came further changes to their boundaries. Also Read | Top 10 SEO Courses In Kolkata

These changes have resulted in the unique political and administrative setup that we have today. This evolution of India’s states and territories is a testament to the country’s resilience and ability to adapt to changing times. Despite these changes, India remains a vibrant and diverse nation, rich in culture and history.

Indian StatesFormation Dates/YearsFormed ByStatus Before Foundation
Andhra Pradesh1 November 1953States Reorganisation Act, 1956. Part of Andhra State and Hyderabad State
Arunachal Pradesh20 February 1987Created as a Union Territory by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971. Converted to a state by the State of Arunachal Pradesh Act, 1986Arunachal Pradesh Union Territory
Assam1950Founded as the Ahom Kingdom, reorganized as North-East Frontier Province in 1874, Eastern Bengal and Assam in 1905, Assam Province in 1912, achieved statehood in 1950. Part of Kamarupa Kingdom
Bihar1950Founded as Bihar and Orissa Province reorganized as Bihar Province in 1936 and achieved statehood in 1950. Part of Bengal Province, British India
Chhattisgarh1 November 2000The Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act, of 2000 founded it. Part of Madhya Pradesh
Goa30 May 1987Founded by the State of Goa Act, 1986. Part of Goa, Daman, and Diu
Gujarat1 May 1960Founded by the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960.Part of Bombay State
Haryana1 November 1966Founded by the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966.Part of East Punjab
Himachal Pradesh1971Founded by the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, in 1948 as Himachal Pradesh Province, reorganized as Himachal Pradesh (Part C State) in 1950, Himachal Pradesh Union Territory in 1956, achieved statehood in 1971.Part of the princely states of the former Punjab States Agency
Jharkhand15 November 2000Founded by the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000Part of Bihar
Karnataka1 November 1956Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 as Mysore State, renamed Karnataka in 1973Part of Bombay State, Coorg State, Hyderabad State and Mysore State
Kerala1 November 1956Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956Part of Madras State and Travancore-Cochin
Madhya Pradesh1 November 1950Achieved statehood in 1950Part of the Central Provinces and Berar, Princely State of Makrai and the princely states of the former Eastern States Agency
Maharashtra1 May 1960Founded by the Bombay Reorganization Act, of 1960.Part of Bombay State
Manipur21 January 1972Founded by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971Manipur Union Territory
Meghalaya21 January 1972Founded by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971Part of Assam
Mizoram20 February 1987Created as a Union Territory by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971. Converted to a state by the State of Mizoram Act, 1986Mizoram Union Territory
Nagaland1 December 1963Founded by the State of Nagaland Act, 1962Nagaland Union Territory
Odisha1950Founded as Orissa Province in 1936, achieved statehood in 1950, renamed Odisha on 1st November 2011.Part of Bihar and Orissa Province, British India
Punjab1947Founded by the Punjab Reorganisation Act, of 1966Part of East Punjab
Rajasthan30 March 1949Rajasthan, earlier known as Rajputana, came into existencePart of the princely states of the former Rajputana Agency
Sikkim16 May 1975Founded by the Thirty-sixth Amendment of the Constitution of India in 1975Kingdom of Sikkim
Tamil Nadu1 November 1956Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 as Madras State, renamed Tamil Nadu in 1969Part of Madras State and Travancore-Cochin
Telangana2 June 2014Founded by the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014Part of Andhra Pradesh
Tripura21 January 1972Founded by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971Tripura Union Territory
Uttar Pradesh24 January 1950Created as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule in 1937 and Achieved statehood as UP in 1950.United Provinces
Uttarakhand9 November 2000Founded by the Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000 as Uttaranchal, renamed Uttarakhand in 2007.Part of Uttar Pradesh
West Bengal1950Achieved statehood in 1950Part of Bengal Province, British India

Indian States And Their Capital With Map 

The latest political map of India provides the total number of states and union territories in India and their capitals at present.

List of Union Territories in India

The 8 Union Territories in India are as follows:

Union Territories NamesCapitalFounded on
Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPort Blair1 Nov, 1956
ChandigarhChandigarh1 Nov, 1966
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & DiuDaman26 Jan, 2020
DelhiNew Delhi9 May, 1905
Jammu and KashmirSrinagar (Summer)Jammu (Winter)31 Oct 2019
LakshadweepKavaratti1 Nov, 1956
PuducherryPondicherry1 Nov, 1954
LadakhLeh31 Oct 2019

Differences Between States and Union Territories

The differences between States and Union Territories are as given below.

StateUnion Territories
The state has its own administrative units with its own elected government.Union Territories are constituent units that are controlled and administered by the Central Government.
Executive Head is the GovernorExecutive Head is the President
The relationship with the Centre is Federal.Unitary with the Centre. i.e. all the powers rest in the hands of the Union.
Administered by the Chief Minister and elected by the people.Administered by the Administrator which is appointed by the President. ( except Delhi, Puducherry, and Jammu & Kashmir)
Chief Minister is the real head.Lieutenant Governor is the real head.

FAQs About List of States and Capital of India

How many states and union territories are there in India?

As of 2024, there are 28 states and 8 Union Territories in India.

Is Jammu and Kashmir a state or a union territory?

Jammu and Kashmir is a Union Territory in India. It was granted Union Territory status on October 31, 2019, following the abrogation of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution. Prior to that, Jammu and Kashmir was a state in India.

When was the state of Uttarakhand established?

The state of Uttarakhand was established on November 9, 2000. Prior to that, it was a part of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Uttarakhand is located in the northern part of India and is known for its scenic beauty and pilgrimage sites. The capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, and its largest city is Haridwar.

Which states of India have a common capital?

States of Punjab, Haryana and Union Territory of Chandigarh have a common capital at Chandigarh. Hyderabad is the common capital of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.

Do Union Territories have their own government like that of states?

Yes, Union Territories in India have their own government, but the extent of their powers is limited as compared to the state governments.

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